The North Dakota Department of Trust Lands holds public surface lease auctions twice a year (typically in March and October). Times and locations of auctions can be found in the legal notices of your official county newspaper, the auction schedule link below, or by contacting the Department of Trust Lands.
Bidding for each tract starts at the advertised minimum. Lease payments are due immediately following the auction and annually thereafter prior to December 31st throughout the lease term. Leases have a maximum lease term of five years.
Lessees must be 18 years of age or older. No preference is given to former or current lessees.
Please see the “Lease Terms” dropdown box below for specific lease questions.
1. LEASE TERM. The Lease term (“Lease Term”) begins on this 1st day of January
2. ASSIGNMENTS AND THIRD PARTY USE. This Lease or any part thereof shall not be assigned, nor shall LESSEE allow the land or any part thereof to be used in any manner by anyone other than LESSEE without the written consent of COMMISSIONER. A grazing permit issued by a grazing association to a member‑permittee does not violate this clause.
3. PROHIBITED USES. The land shall only be used for the purposes set forth above. LESSEE may not cultivate additional acreage or change the location of fields. Other prohibited uses include, but are not limited to, equipment storage; hay storage; trash dumping; rock dumping; feedlots; feeding; draining water on or off the land; mining scoria, gravel, clay, or any other minerals; cutting wood; or allowing others to do the same unless authorized in writing by LESSOR.
4. NONPERMANENT IMPROVEMENTS. LESSEE may place nonpermanent improvements, (e.g., fences, corrals, water tanks, and mobile calf creep feeders) on the Land and must remove them within 120 days after the Lease expires. Any nonpermanent improvements not removed within 120 days shall become the property of the next lessee. COMMISSIONER, upon written application from LESSEE before the end of the 120‑day period, may, for cause, extend the period of time for removing nonpermanent improvements.
5. PERMANENT IMPROVEMENTS. Permanent improvements (e.g., buildings, wells, dams, water holes, water lines, trees) may not be placed on or removed from the Land without written consent of COMMISSIONER. All permanent improvements shall be deemed the property of LESSOR. However, at the discretion of COMMISSIONER, the cost of permanent improvements may be credited to the rent for the following lease years or may be depreciated for the protection of LESSEE'S investment in the event the Land is leased to another person, sold, or exchanged. To be eligible for rent credit or depreciation, the application must be received and approved by COMMISSIONER before construction.
6. USE AND MAINTENANCE OF PERMANENT IMPROVEMENTS. LESSEE may use wells, dams, dugouts and water lines on the Land and any other improvements belonging to LESSOR. Said use is subject to payment of any depreciated costs to a prior lessee as defined in paragraph 5. LESSEE shall maintain all improvements belonging to LESSOR, at no expense to LESSOR, in as good condition as received, normal wear excepted. Major repairs must be approved in writing by COMMISSIONER before beginning work. All repairs shall be deemed the property of LESSOR subject only to the right of LESSEE to request depreciation or rent credit, as defined in paragraph 5, for major repairs.
7. LESSEE ACCEPTS LIABILITY FOR INJURIES AND DAMAGES TO HIMSELF AND OTHERS - CONDITION OF PREMISES. LESSOR makes no representation concerning the condition, safety, or usability of the Land and any improvements. LESSEE leases the Land and any improvements on an "as is" basis. LESSOR does not covenant that the Land and its improvements are fit or safe for the purposes for which LESSEE intends to use them. LESSEE accepts liability and indemnifies and holds harmless LESSOR for any loss that may be suffered by the person or property of LESSEE, LESSEE’S employees and agents, and anyone else, when such loss is in any way related to LESSEE’S use and management of the Land and its improvements.
8. RANGELAND USE. LESSEE shall not allow overgrazing which would result in forage production below the potential in good range condition.
9. CROPLAND USE. If cropland is specifically authorized by this Lease, LESSEE shall maintain the Land consistent with good cropping practices for similar soils in the area. LESSEE shall prevent soil loss through erosion in excess of the established soil loss tolerance by the use of crop residue management, reduced tillage practices, grassed waterways, stripcropping, or other accepted conservation practices. Cropland must be farmed under the Federal crop program such that crop bases are maintained unless exempted in writing by COMMISSIONER.
10. WEED CONTROL. LESSEE shall control all noxious weeds on the Land and maintain the Land in a reasonably weed free condition.
11. CONSERVATION PLAN. LESSOR reserves the right to require LESSEE to implement a soil conservation or range management plan at any time during the Lease to prevent damage or to improve the condition of the Land.
12. ROAD DITCHES. LESSEE shall mow and maintain road ditches as required by law.
13. PUBLIC ACCESS. LESSEE may not post or otherwise prohibit non‑vehicular public access to the land, but exceptions may be granted at the sole discretion of COMMISSIONER. If LESSEE desires to be notified prior to anyone entering the land, LESSEE shall post only signs provided by COMMISSIONER setting forth LESSEE'S name, address, and telephone number. LESSEE may not lease, sell or otherwise charge for access on the land.
14. ENCUMBRANCES. This Lease is subject to all existing and future coal, oil, natural gas, uranium, gravel, scoria, clay, and other mineral leases and exploration permits covering the Land. LESSEE agrees that the holders of such leases or permits may enter upon the Land and conduct exploration and mining operations. This Lease is further subject to all existing and future easements, rights-of-way, and other servitudes covering the Land and LESSEE agrees to honor same. LESSEE shall not be entitled to any compensation by reason of such leases, permits, easements, rights-of-way, or servitudes unless otherwise provided for by LESSOR.
15. RIGHT OF ENTRY. LESSOR or its agent may enter the Land at any time without notification for the purpose of inspecting the Land and improvements thereon. LESSEE further agrees to allow LESSOR or its agent access to the Land across LESSEE'S property, or property leased by the LESSEE.
16. SALE OR EXCHANGE. This Lease is specifically made subject to termination in the event LESSOR notifies LESSEE, during the months of October through January of any year during the Lease Term, that all or a portion of the Land will be sold or exchanged by LESSOR. If the Land is sold or exchanged, LESSEE shall surrender possession of the Land within thirty days of LESSOR mailing to LESSEE a notice of the sale or exchange.
17. COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS AND REGULATIONS. LESSEE shall comply with all applicable rules and regulations of the Board of University and School Lands and all applicable state and federal laws, including payment of any taxes levied against the Land or LESSEE'S interest thereon.
18. FAILURE TO PAY RENT. If LESSEE fails to pay rent when due, this Lease shall automatically expire on the last day of the lease period for which rent was last paid. In order to enforce such forfeiture of Lease, no demand for rent either written or verbal need be given LESSEE nor is a notice of termination required.
19. CANCELLATION. If LESSEE fails to comply with any of the terms and conditions of this Lease, it may be cancelled by LESSOR. Cancellation is effective upon actual delivery of a notice of cancellation by LESSOR, except that no notice is required for cancellation as provided in paragraph 18.
20. NO WARRANTY OF TITLE. LESSOR neither warrants nor agrees to defend title to the Land.
21. ADDITIONAL LEASE PROVISIONS. This Lease is made subject to any additional lease provisions made known prior to leasing which are hereby attached and made a part hereof.
22. AMENDMENTS. Lease amendments must be in writing and executed by both the LESSOR and LESSEE.
Times and locations of auctions can be found in the legal notices in your official county paper, the auction schedule link below, or by contacting the Department of Trust Lands. Times and locations of auctions are subject to change.
Unleased Fall auction tracts will be offered at a Spring Auction. Unleased Spring auction tracts are offered on a first come, first served basis for the advertised minimum rent. Unleased tracts are available until August 31st.
If you notice activities that may be in violation of a Trust Lands surface lease please call NDDTL and request the Surface Management Division. If using the Contact Us form please make sure to include a legal description and the date observed!
North Dakota County Rents & Prices Annual Survey
The annual County Rents & Values Survey results have been available on the North Dakota Department of Trust Lands website since 2013.
For previous year's surveys please click on the following link: Land Values and Farm Numbers.
- County Rents and Values Survey Land Type Definitions
- 2019 County Rents and Prices Survey, April 2019
- 2018 County Rents and Prices Survey, May 2018
- 2017 County Rents and Values Survey, North Dakota, March 2017
- 2016 County Rents and Values Survey, North Dakota, March 2016
- 2015 County Rents and Values Survey, North Dakota, March 2015
- 2014 County Rents and Values Survey, North Dakota, March 2014
NOTE: In compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Department of Trust Lands asks that anyone needing auxiliary aids and services should call 701-328-2800 at least five days in advance of the auction. Also, Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964 and ND Human Rights Act of 1983 prohibits sexual harassment in any form. It is expected that all participants at the auction will use good judgment in determining whether their behavior may be offensive or unwelcome to others.